my negro boy ruben
Enslaver or Household
Abraham Gardiner-> Mary Gardiner -> Rachel Mulford
August 18, 1782
Abraham Gardiner's last will and testament. East Hampton Library Pennypacker Collection355
Abraham Gardiner's last will and testament "also my negro boy ruben" passed down to daughter rachel mulford 1807 when sarah died. A 1786 expense record in the Mulford Papers includes possible items related to Tobe's escape from Mary Gardiner's control.
“Ruben (Tobe),” Plain Sight Project, accessed March 29, 2023, https://plainsightproject.org/items/show/887.